Neurological injuries are considered to be damage to either the brain or the spinal cord. Some sort of trauma, such as an auto accident, causes the majority of neurological injuries. There are two methods for which the brain is susceptible to significant trauma. If an individual’s head strikes an object the cerebral cortex can become bruised; or, in the event where the head is whiplashed, it is very possible that the deep white matter may suffer an axonal tear known as a diffuse axonal injury. TBI’s occur to 1.7 million people per year and approximately 17 percent of those injuries are the result of a car accident.
Approximately 50,000 people die from Traumatic Brain Injuries every year and more than 5.3 million people are currently living with disabilities due to TBI’s. Those with disabilities often need help with daily activities. Brain injuries reportedly cost the United States $56 billion per year. TBI’s most often happen to young people and can occur as the result of a car accident, a violent act, medical malpractice, a sporting accident, etc.
Types of Brain Injuries:
Primary Brain Damage
- Concussion:A concussion begins with a brief loss of consciousness. Most who suffer a concussion make a full recovery but can also experience amnesia.
- Linear Skull Fracture:A linear fracture is a break in the bone of the skull where the bone does not move. This is the mildest form of skull fracture and victims usually make a full recovery after a short time.
- Depressed Skull Fracture:Depressed fractures occur when a part of the skull sinks in. These fractures can cause serious problems and sometimes require surgery.
- Diastatic Skull Fractures: Diastatic fractures are the widening of suture lines in the skull and commonly occur in infants or young children.
- Basilar Skull Fractures:Basilar fractures are the most serious skull fractures. Victims suffering from these fractures have a break in the bone at the base of their skull. They will often have black eyes and bruises behind their ears. They sometimes experience clear fluid draining from their nose or ears.
- Epidural Hematoma:This is a type of intracranial hematoma where a blood clot forms directly underneath the victim’s skull, on top of the dura. Epidural hematomas are usually the result of a skull fracture.
- Subdural Hematoma:This type of intracranial hematoma happens when a blood clot occurs underneath the skull and the dura. Subdural hematoma’s can tear the veins that run from the brain to the dura or the brain itself.
- Contusion:Also known as an intracerebral hematoma, a contusion is when the brain bleeds as it scrapes the inner surface of the skull and causes bruising on the brain. Severe contusions can result in blood clots in the brain.
- Cerebral Edema:The accumulation of water can cause swelling to the brain known as cerebral edema. This occurs after a trauma to the head causes an excessive amount of fluid to travel from blood vessels to the brain.
- Diffuse Axonal Injury:A DAI occurs when the stretching or shearing of brain cell structures forces the victim into a coma.
Secondary Brain Damage
Some types of neurological brain injuries evolve after the trauma has occurred. This type of injury to the brain is known as secondary damage. Signs that you might be experiencing secondary brain damage include: brain swelling, increased skull pressure, epilepsy, fever, low or high blood pressure, low sodium, cardiac lung changes, nutritional changes, etc.
Diagnosis & Treatment
Many victims who suffer a traumatic brain injury are diagnosed immediately after the accident occurs. If the victim has suffered a coma or a loss of consciousness, they are taken to the doctor and MRIs, CT Scans and X-rays are administered for diagnosis. Some victims think they have only suffered a bump on their head if they do not lose consciousness or feel a great amount of pain. The implications of a TBI can be much worse later in life for those who do not seek immediate medical attention.
Brain injury treatment depends on the parts of the brain that are damaged and the severity of the injury. It is uncommon that damage to the brain can be reversed; therefore doctors most often focus on preventing additional injuries to the brain. Once the victim is stable, they often have a long road to recovery ahead of them. If a victim’s injuries are critical, they can require lifelong medical care or rehabilitation that can include speech, occupational or physical therapy.
Hire an Experienced Orlando Auto Accident Attorney
If you or a loved one has sustained a blow to the head or a whiplash injury as a result of the negligence exhibited by an individual or corporation, it is important that you contact an experienced Orlando personal injury lawyer at Auto Justice Attorney for help with your case.